Buckeye

Common Name(s): Ohio buckeye, stinking buckeye

Scientific Name: Aesculus glabra

Distribution: Midwest and eastern United States

Tree Size: 50-75 ft (15-23 m) tall,

                 1-1.5 ft (.3-.5 m) trunk diameter

Average Dried Weight: 32.5 lbs/ft3 (520 kg/m3)

Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .44, .52

Janka Hardness: 770 lbf (3,430 N)*

*Estimated hardness based on specific gravity

Modulus of Rupture: No data available

Elastic Modulus: No data available

Crushing Strength: No data available

Shrinkage: No data available

Color/Appearance: Heartwood is creamy white or light yellow, not clearly demarcated from the white sapwood. Can have grayish streaks. Buckeye burl can feature reddish brown knots, with light to dark gray swirls of discoloring (see pictures below).

Grain/Texture: Buckeye has a fine, even texture. Grain tends to be straight or slightly interlocked.

Rot Resistance: Buckeye has poor decay resistance, and is rated as non-durable to perishable.

Workability: Buckeye is generally easy to work, but its unusually low density can lead to fuzzy surfaces, similar to aspen or cottonwood. Responds poorly to steam bending. Glues and finishes well.

Odor: Buckeye can have an unpleasant smell when green, which greatly subsides upon drying.

Allergies/Toxicity: Besides the standard health risks associated with any type of wood dust, no further health reactions have been associated with buckeye. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information.

Pricing/Availability: Not typically used for lumber due to its low density and strength, Buckeye can sometimes be found in board form, and should be comparable to aspen or basswood. Burls are more valuable and are sold for smaller specialty purposes.

Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

Common Uses: Furniture, utility wood, boxes/crates, pulpwood; while the burl sections are used for electric guitar tops, pen blanks, and other small, specialty turned objects.

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