Color/Appearance:Heartwood color can vary a fair amount, from a pale yellow-orange to a darker reddish brown, usually with darker streaks throughout. Pale yellow sapwood is sharply demarcated from heartwood. Color tends to darken and homogenize with age: see the articlePreventing Color Changes in Exotic Woodsfor more information.
Grain/Texture:Grain is typically straight, but can be irregular or wild on some pieces. Uniform fine to medium texture with good natural luster.
Endgrain:Diffuse-porous; large pores in no specific arrangement, few; solitary and radial multiples of 2-3; mineral/gum deposits occasionally present; growth rings indistinct; rays not visible without lens; parenchyma varies depending on species: can be vasicentric, aliform, and confluent.
Rot Resistance:Rated as very durable in regard to decay resistance, as well as being resistant to termite and marine borer attack.
Workability:Easy to work with both hand and machine tools, though some tearout can occur during planing on pieces with wild or irregular grain. Good dimensional stability. Turns, glues and finishes well.
Odor:Canarywood has a distinct scent when being worked.