Color/Appearance:Similar to maple, the wood of Sycamore trees is predominantly comprised of the sapwood, with some darker heartwood streaks also found in most boards. (Though it is not uncommon to also see entire boards of heartwood too.) The sapwood is white to light tan, while the heartwood is a darker reddish brown. Sycamore also has very distinctray fleckspresent onquartersawn surfaces—giving it a freckled appearance—and it is sometimes even called “Lacewood.”
Grain/Texture:Sycamore has a fine and even texture that is very similar to maple. The grain is interlocked.
Endgrain:Diffuse-porous; small to medium pores, numerous; solitary and in radial multiples and clusters; tyloses occasionally present, though not easily seen with lens; growth rings distinct due to lighter color of latewood and decreased pore frequency; medium to very wide rays easily visible without lens, noded, wide spacing; parenchyma rare or absent.
Rot Resistance:Sycamore is rated as non-durable to perishable regarding decay resistance, and is susceptible to insect attack.
Workability:Overall, Sycamore works easily with both hand and machine tools, though the interlocked grain can be troublesome in surfacing and machining operations at times. Sycamore turns, glues, and finishes well. Responds poorly to steam bending.